Hybrid fabrics include more than one type of structural fiber in its construction. Hybrid fabrics allow two or more fibers to be constructed into one or more layers of fabric. In a woven hybrid fabric it is possible to have one fiber running in the weft (crosswise) direction and the second fiber running in the warp (longitudinal) direction. It is also possible to use a combination of different fiber types in each warp and weft direction.
Although hybrids are most commonly found in knit fabrics, the principle is also used in weaving, braiding, and non-woven fabrics. Hybrids are often used for:
- Surgical meshes
- Surgical grafts
- Wound dressings
Typical hybrid combinations include:
- Polypropylene/Polyglycolic acid (PGA)
- Polypropylene/Polylactic acid (PLA)